It all started with a statue. In late April 2007 the government in Estonia proposed to remove a controversial Soviet war memorial from the capital city Tallinn. Vladimir Putin wasn’t happy about this — it was yet more proof that the tiny country was turning away from Russia and towards the West. What happened next marked a new era in international relations.
On April 27 Estonia was hit by a powerful cyber-attack — the first example of such state-sponsored aggression in history.
It’s come to be known as Web War 1 — and the impact was devastating. Cash machines stopped working, banks were paralysed, government IT systems shut down and media websites were frozen for weeks.
By Rohan Silva
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